What is a Podiatrist and What They Do?

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Podiatrists are doctors who assist with issues that cause pain in your feet and lower legs

What Does a Podiatrist Do?

Podiatrists are doctors who assist with issues that cause pain in your feet and lower legs. They treat injuries and problems resulting from chronic health conditions such as diabetes. They are often referred to as podiatric physicians or doctors of podiatric medicine.

Are They Doctors?

Podiatrists are doctors, however, they do not attend traditional medical schools. They own their own institutions along with professional bodies. Also, there is "DPM" (doctor of podiatric medicine) as their name rather than "MD" (medical doctor).

Podiatrists are able to perform surgery, repair fractured bones, recommend medication and also request X-rays or lab tests. They typically work together with specialists in the event of an issue has an impact on your lower or feet. In the U.S., podiatrists are licensed and monitored by government agencies of the states.

Education and Training

Students in college who wish to become podiatrists must take biology along with chemistry, physics, and chemistry in addition to other classes in science to prepare for the podiatry program. A majority earn a bachelor's in biology or another similar area of science.

They then attend podiatry schools for four years. They examine how the bones, nerves, as well as muscles, work together to assist you to move. They also study diseases and injuries that may impact your feet. This includes how to identify them and treat them, as well as how to heal your feet through surgery, if necessary.


When students graduate from podiatry schools after which they are placed within a clinic for three years. It's called the residency. They apply the knowledge they've gained to apply. They also collaborate with other doctors such as pediatricians, surgeons, anesthesiologists and specialists in infectious diseases.

Following completion of the residency program, patients will be able to obtain advanced certifications in foot and ankle surgery.


Conditions Podiatrists Treat

Podiatrists can treat anyone at any age with many foot-related issues, including:

  • Fractures and sprains. Podiatrists regularly treat these common injuries whenever they affect the ankle or foot. They also practice the field of sports medicine dealing with foot injuries athletes face and suggesting methods to prevent these.
  • Bunions and Hammertoes. These are problems that affect the bones of your feet. A bunion occurs because the joint that is at the base of your large toe becomes larger or removed from its place. This causes the toe to move towards the other. A hammertoe isn't bent in the correct way.
    Nail problems. These include issues such as an infection of your nail due to a infection or a toenail that is ingrown. This is the situation when a corner or a side of your nail develops into your toe instead straight out.
  • The term "diabetes" refers to. This is a disorder in which the body isn't producing an insulin-like hormone or does not use it in as it ought to. Insulin helps you digest sugar. Diabetes can cause nerve damage within your legs and feet and cause difficulty getting enough blood to your feet.
    Diabetes can trigger serious problems. Over 65,000 people each year require a foot amputated, removed by a physiciandue to diabetes. A podiatrist could help avoid this. If you are diabetic ensure that you get any callus or sore on your feet evaluated.
  • Arthritis. This is caused by swelling, inflammation, as well as wear and tear to your joints. Every foot is composed of 33 joints. A podiatrist may recommend medication, physical therapy, or special inserts or shoes to treat your arthritis. Surgery may also be an option when other treatment options don't work for you.
  • growing discomforts. If your child's feet tilt inwards or appear at a flat surface or their feet don't meet correctly and a podiatrist could be able to assist. They can suggest exercises, insoles or braces. Also, they could suggest surgery.
  • Heel pain. A frequent reason for heel discomfort is heel spurs, an accumulation of calcium in the heel's bottom bone. They can be caused by running, insufficiently fitting shoes and being overweight. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue running along the sole of your foot. The shoes you wear for sports and other activities tend to be the culprits. Overpronation, where that your foot bends into or out of alignment while walking and jog, is usually the reason for. It is also a cause that can cause injury to athletes, just as Achilles tendinitis, which is a cause of pain in the heel's back which is where the tendon attaches. Treatment typically begins with over-the counter medication for pain and can include orthotics, shoe inserts. Some people need surgery.
  • Morton's Neuroma. Nerve problems between the fourth and third bone of the foot may cause burning, pain and a sensation that something is in your shoe. The majority of cases affect runners. Overpronation and tight shoes makes it more difficult. A podiatrist can provide shots for pain and inflammation and can help you choose an orthotic. There is a possibility that you'll require surgery to get rid of the problem.

Reasons to See a Podiatrist

Your feet are a great source of work. When you reach 50 and walking, you'll have walked 75,000 miles. Feet are intricate structures that comprise numerous bones, tendons and ligaments that need to cooperate perfectly to allow you to move.


What to Expect at the Podiatrist

The first time you visit a podiatrist in Perth is much like the other doctors you see. They'll inquire regarding your medical background of you, any medications you're taking, or procedures you've undergone.

They'll assess the way you walk and stand as well as the range of motion of your joints, as well as the way your shoes fit. First, visit is typically the best time to treat bunions, ingrown toenails lower back and heel pain, and circulation issues within your feet, if you suffer from diabetes, as well as foot deformities.

The podiatrist may suggest orthotics, padding or physical therapy to address the issues you are experiencing. They may treat certain conditions at the office. They could use tools such as Syringes to provide you with pain medication, nail splitters or an Anvil to get rid of ingrown toenails. Scalpels can cut through the skin surrounding a toenail, or even remove the corns and calluses in their entirety. Many doctors make use of cryotherapy equipment, such as liquid nitrogen -- in order to melt away plantar warts.